Papers on Environment & Sustainability

Dasgupta, Siddhartha, Wynne, Forrest, Caporelli, Angela, Meyer, Lee. Processing and Marketing Aquaculture Products on a Small Scale. Kentucky State University: KSU Aquaculture Program of Distinction (97 pages)

This publication is geared towards filling in the gap that exists between large-scale and small-scale aquaponics, sectors which are both experiencing growth. Aquaponics systems can grow fresh food indoors or outdoors and incorporates the use of fish and water to grow plants sustainably in a closed system. One main problem this publication addresses is the fact that large-scale aquaponics equipment is not designed for small-scale prototypes. Consequently, some mechanisms are not compatible with small-scale systems and locating compatible equipment can present a challenge. The article also goes into detail in its description of the proper waste removal procedures and laws. It speaks about small-scale economics, gives an equipment list, as well as examples of models that have already been tested. The article gives the same information about large-scale projects. This article could be useful for those who wish to create a personal aquaponics system.

Dittmer, Allan E. 2013 Sustain: A Journal of Environmental and Sustainability Issues The Kentucky Institute for the Environment and Sustainable Development See special issue on Local Foods: Issue 27 (Fall/Winter 2013)

This biannual magazine, produced by The Kentucky Institute for the Environment and Sustainable Development at the University of Louisville, provides a forum for interdisciplinary research, applied scholarly analysis, and public policy as pertaining to environmental and sustainable development issues at local, state, national, and international levels. The magazine gives an up-to-date look at what is going on in terms of sustainability in our local community. The articles are broad and diverse, and cover a range of topics from environmental justice to renewable energy sources, from pollution prevention to responsible land use, and from local food systems to the future of sustainability both locally and abroad. It is available for free on-line and in paper upon request at the link above.


Rakocy, James E.; Masser, Michael P.; Losordo, Thomas M. 2006 Recirculating Aquaculture Tank Production Systems: Aquaponics – Integrating Fish and Plant Culture. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center. (16 pages)

The authors provide an in-depth, detailed, and technical model of how to create a closed aquaponics system. They explain how to clean the system, components of plant growth, necessary construction materials, and various approaches to system design. This could be extremely useful for someone wanting to create an aquaponics system from scratch. This would be particularly valuable for a community activist with existing knowledge about aquaponics who needs detailed information to help them realize their own projects.


Spencer, Robert. 2008  In-vessel option for on-site food waste composting. BioCycle: 35-38. (4 Pages)

Some factories and universities have begun to manage waste in a different way. In 1990, Bernie Beers and John Willis used their thirty-year experience in the Texas agriculture supply field to form BW Organics (BWO). BWO produced a rotary drum originally designed for composting manure and other animal by-products at poultry, dairy, and hog farms. However, many facilities throughout the world, such as colleges and factories, now use BWO drums to compost food waste. Notably it is used by the Toyota factory in Georgetown, KY, which employs over ten thousand people and features six cafeterias. In 1995, the factory was designated a zero-landfill facility, and set a goal to divert shipping of 95% of waste from landfills, instead converting the waste into energy. They repurposed materials to make recycling bins, and used BWO rotary drum vessels for composting. Cafeteria waste is composted for on-site gardens which are planted with vegetables, trees, and decorative flowers.


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